湖南大学

湖大成考专升本《英语》考试真题及参考答案-2019(D)

来源:www.hndxzk.org 发表时间:2020-04-29 10:06 作者:湖南大学自考办 点击: 湖南大学自考网上报名

 

Passage Five
Socrates is often referred to as one of the founders of Western philosophy, and yet he wrote nothing, established no school, and held no particular theories of his own. What he did do, however, was frequently ask the questions that interested him, and in doing so developed a new way of thinking. This method proceeds(展开)as a dialogue between opposing views, and it earned him many enemies in Athens, where he lived.
As a young man, Socrates is believed to have studied natural philosophy, looking at the various explanations of the nature of the universe, but then became involved in the politics of the city-state and concerned with more down-to-earth  moral issues, such as the nature of justice.
However. he was not interested in winning arguments, or arguing for the sake of making money, Nor was he seeking answers or explanations. He was simply examining the basis of the concepts we apply lo ourselves(such as "good" , "bad" ,and "just" ),for he believed that understanding what we are is the first task of philosophy.
He was sentenced to. death on charges of corrupting the young with bad ideas. But he also had many followers, and among them was Plato, who recorded Socrates' ideas in the written works, called dialogues, in which Socrates sets about examining various ideas.
Socrates, central concern, then, was the examination of life, and it was his cruel questioning of earned committed to his task until the very end. According to the account of his defense at his trial, Socrates chose death rather than face a life of ignorance: "The life which is unexamined is not worth living. "
52. What is true about Socrates?
A. Socrates solved the problems of Western philosophy,
B. Socrates tried to find answers to his questions.
C. Socrates forced his enemies to accept his ideas.
D. Socrates cared about the meaning of life.
53. What is the most important task of philosophy according to Socrates?
A. Understanding our true self.
B. Examining some basic concepts.
C. Challenging the views of enemies.
D. Giving  explanations for arguments.
54. What is the passage mainly about?
A. Socrates' beliefs of philosophy.
B. Socrates' outlook on death.
C. Socrates' influence on youths.
D. Socrates' questions about universe.
55. What is the tone of the passage?
A. Humorous.
B. Bitter.
C. Sympathetic.
D. Objective.
 
V. Daily Conversation(15 points)
Directions: Pick out appropriate expressions from the eight choices below and complete the following dialogue by blackening the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

 A. Sounds great!
B. This is our first trip here. 
C. When shall we set off?
D. Could you recommend some places for us?
E. You are welcome.
F. What could I get?
G. Have great fun. 
H. Is there anything interesting there?
Receptionist: Good morning!
Mr. Smith: Good morning! Today we are free for sightseeing. 56
Receptionist: Okay. Have you ever been here before?
Mr. Smith: NO.  57  
Mr. Smith:   58
Receptionist: Yes. The architecture is wonderful. It represents the folk style of the Qing Dynasty.
Mr. Smith:   59  Thank you very much.
Receptionist:  60  Have a good time!
 
II卷(非选择题,共25分)
V. Writing (25 points)
Directions: For this part, you are supposed to write an essay in English in 100-120 words based on the following information. Remember to write it dearly.
61. 新学期伊始,你们班准备组织一场迎新晚会,让同学们熟悉起来。你(Li Yuan)打算邀请外教(Tim)来参加迎新晚会。请给他写一封e-mail, 内容包括:
(1)邀请他参加迎新晚会;
(2)介绍迎新晚会的一些活动安排;
(3)希望他能够做个简短发言;
(4)期待他的到来。


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